News and Events
Truffle Pest & Disease project – Research extension – Winter 2017
To update Australian truffle producers on progress and future plans within the RIRDC project “Pests and diseases of truffles and their host trees in Australia”.
The road show
Team members of the Pests and Diseases Project will visit regional centres of truffle growing districts across Australia (see proposed itinerary below).
At the talks, there will be hands-on pest collections to demonstrate the array of pests, beneficial and benign agents found in Australian truffle orchards. At these ATGA Member only meetings, you are invited to bring to the samples of any pests/diseases they want to discuss and/or identified (except at Dandenongs and Sutton meetings which will be held on truffières).
Growers will have the opportunity for direct interaction with project team members.
Because the meetings are at the same time of year as truffle harvest and sales, the sessions are proposed to start at 2.00 p.m. and go no longer than 2 hours.
As well as attending these meetings, Stewart Learmonth from WA will be requesting visits to truffle orchards during harvest to further build knowledge of pests.
|Manjimup||23 & 25June||–||X||X||X||–|
*Location: Precise details on the venues will be advised soon.
#People: AD = Alan Davey; SL =Stewart Learmonth; CL = Celeste Linde; AM = Anne Mitchell; AS = Ainsley Seago.
Please bring a thermos to share
Please note, except for the Manjimup meetings, the number of attendees at each meeting will be limited to 20 ATGA Members.
Please be sure to make a reservation:
WESTERN AUSTRALIA COMPLETED
Bookings for the 3-5 pm 23 June seminar at the Department of Agriculture and Food, WA (DAFWA) offices in Manjimup are through Anne Mitchell, via email firstname.lastname@example.org. This event is supported by DAFWA, Truffle Producers WA (TPWA), and Manjimup Underground.
Some of the experts will also be part of the Truffle Growers Forum at the Truffle Kerfuffle 8-11.30am Sunday 25 June. Bookings are via the Truffle Kerfuffle website. This event is supported by DAFWA, the Truffle Kerfuffle Inc., TPWA, and Manjimup Underground.
28527 Southwest Hwy
Manjimup (6kms south of town)
Stewart Learmonth 9777 0000
SOUTHERN NEW SOUTH WALES
Wayne Haslam (Sutton)
Blue Frog Truffle Farm
63 Goolabri Dr, Sutton NSW 2620
RSVP Alan Davey 0407 404 447 or at email@example.com
No pest samples please
NORTHERN NEW SOUTH WALES:
Richard Austen (Bathurst) 0419 868 666
Bathurst Library Meeting Room
70-78 Keppel St, Bathurst. Ph (02) 6333 6281.
RSVP Richard Austen at firstname.lastname@example.org
Colin Carter (Dandenongs) (03) 5968 1092; 0409 717 401
Please ring Colin for address details.
RSVP Colin Carter email@example.com
No pest samples please
Marcus Jessup (Launceston/Deloraine) 0417 112 655
Bush Inn Hotel Restaurant
7 Bass Highway, Deloraine. Ph (03) 6362 2365.
RSVP Marcus Jessup firstname.lastname@example.org
Producing Members’ Workshop:
Grading and Handling Truffle
Monday 12th June, 2015 (Holiday weekend)
10.30 for 11.00 am
Venue: Hartley Truffles, Great Western Highway HARTLEY NSW
Important: We’d like you to bring some of your truffle if you can for grading.
This workshop is sponsored for members, and tea, coffee and light lunch provided.
This workshop will discuss truffle grading and handling aligning grades with the Truffle Grading Standard approved by the Association.
RSVP to Richard Austen email@example.com for directions and more details.
Attention Members! In an effort to promote the benefits of a strong plant biosecurity system, Plant Health Australia is running the Bountiful Harvest photo competition, with two vouchers for the RM Williams store as prizes: $300 to the winner and $150 to the runner up. It’s open to all Australian residents aged 18 or over, and we’re seeking digital images of some aspect of plant production – the crops that produce food and fibre – anywhere in Australia. Entries close 10 March 2017.
You can submit a photo (see terms and conditions here) to be in the running to win.
More information at http://www.planthealthaustralia.com.au/bountiful-harvest-photo-competition/
This week a purveyor of truffles and fine food attempted to import some new season Tuber magnatum of Italian origin into Western Australia, only to be advised their entry was not permitted. The importer remonstrated with the Quarantine Officer that he had been importing T. magnatum into WA and other States for years without problem. The Officer held his ground and produced a copy of the “West Australian Organism List”. This document of the WA Department of Agriculture and Food lists all foods and organisms which can be imported into the State. If it’s not on the list, it can’t be imported unless a special permit which complies with various phytosanitary requirements and provenance is purchased and granted. The only truffle species that can be imported from interstate, or over-seas, without that special permit is Tuber melanosporum. The other States allow a variety of Tuber species including magnatum.
It appears previous imports of T. magnatum may have contravened WA quarantine regulations and WA Quarantine are now strictly observing the rules. So if ATGA Members (or anyone else, for that matter) are thinking of importing T. magnatum into WA for personal or commercial consumption they would be well advised to check out the WA Quarantine website or ring for advice before ordering their truffles.
In the meantime, Members of the TPWA Executive have applied to have T. magnatum and T. borchii included on the WA Organism List. Given these species are allowed into the other States it is expected that the updating of the list will be a minor formality that should be executed presently.
The latest Farm Biosecurity newsletter from the Farm Biosecurity Program (which is a joint initiative of Animal Health Australia (AHA) and Plant Health Australia (PHA)) is online here now.
Of interest to Truffle Growers is the final video in the Program’s ‘Biosecurity Essentials’ series. It’s called Biosecurity practice helps make production perfect
and it features friend of the ATGA Alison Saunders (our contact at RIRDC for many years) and a Hilltops NSW premium quality walnut and chestnut producer. Alison was a speaker at our 2013 Mittagong Conference and AGM.
The video provides a valuable insight into the type of activities you can do, every day, within the structure of your daily farm management routines to enhance biosecurity. If you’re into videos, remember the FarmBiosecurity YouTube Channel . It features lots of people with Akubras who know their stuff.
The latest (Edition 6 – 19 August 2016) newsletter from Plant Health Australia is available online here.
This marks the release of the latest version of the National Plant Biosecurity Status Report by Plant Health Australia (PHA), detailing the pests of concern to plant industries and the environment, as well as the entire system that works to combat them. You’ll find the report here online, in small PDF chapters or as a single large PDF here (9.5Mb) .
Where to start?
A little over 12 months ago my dog Silhouette Luca (an Australian Koolie) and I joined a K9 Nose Works class. Luca had developed reactiveness to some other dog breeds and could be quite anxious thanks to a scare he got from a huge thunderstorm. Nose Works gave us the opportunity to work alone with no other dogs.
I remember sitting in our first class watching K9 nose Works trainer Angela’s, presentations and when she asked if any one has any questions I popped up saying how does one find truffles? Yep the class all laughed!
Luca loved this sniffy game and with each class his confidence grew and he was slow and very methodical, most of the other Koolies were fast and furious.
We moved on from scenting Birch to Anise and finally in level 3 class we added Clove oil. We attended a ‘scent trial’ with ‘Scent Games Australia’ and it was a big experience for him and I.
It was about this time my truffle dream popped back into my head and I went off and did a seminar on growing Hazelnuts and Oak trees for truffle production with the Noel Fitzpatrick and Colin Carter. The dream was ignited again. I also went on a ‘Truffle Tour’ where I took Kyra (as Luca is ‘entire‘ that counted him out) where we visited a lovely winery or 3, watched a Lagotto Romagnolo and its handler demonstrate how his dog finds truffle (they pre buried a truffle into the ground an hour or so before we all arrived for this demonstration) and then had a 3 course meal with truffles, of course.
I did lots of reading and bought some ‘fake’ truffle product from France called Canitruff as the truffle dogs in Europe seemed to be trained on this. It was also coming into Truffle season and I contacted many truffle growers seeking a truffle for me and some for my dog (yep all but one thought I was nuts after they asked what breed of dog I had and were was my truffière?).
The truffle has a very short shelf life and the season is June to August, roughly, in Australia. My truffle arrived and I feed some mates (this has been a yearly ritual for me for a decade).
I sliced up some truffle and started to introduce it to Luca, back to basics I learned in K9 Nose Works! Over time Luca would find the scent over the yard, in trees, inside in all the places I hid it.
Stepping up our training I contacted our Koolie breeder (thanks to Silhouette) and asked if they had any dirt I could play in and spent many weekends driving four hours from home and scenting all over the place with truffle scent.
Through a friend I managed to make contact with a grower an hour away from Canberra. They were more than happy for me to come up and they would do a mock up truffle hunt in the orchard.
You need to understand a couple of huge barriers at this point.
1) Growers do not let people and dogs onto their farms for a multitude of reasons. Most have dogs, there’s the fear of introducing biological contaminants and, it’s a fledgling industry covered in secrecy (tighter than the FBI).
2) It looked like Lagotto Romagnolo were the ‘dog’ of choice.
3) Did I tell you when you say you have a Koolie (they all said “what is that?”) and when I add I don’t own a farm and want to test my training…. they think you’re nuts!
4) Farmers with truffle dogs help other farmers without dogs!
Many emails later and lengthy conversations, plus my friend’s hard work (unknown to me) in the background I get an email offering me and the dogs access to their Southern Tablelands truffière at Bredbo, NSW.
The 2nd of July sees Luca and Kyra compete in the first Victorian K9 Nose Works Odour Recognition Trials (ORTs). I, yes I, failed them! My nerves got to me and we didn’t pass as I called it too early with both dogs – I was shattered with myself.
3rd July we left for Canberra with doubt all in my head after I so messed up the ORTrials!
On the 4th July (AKA Koolie Independence Day) we drive 1.5 hours from Canberra to the truffière. Minus 1.5 degrees at 10.30am, heavy fog and ice everywhere, but no rain. I meet the owners, we chat and were offered coffee and headed to truffière with coffee and dogs in hand.
There was no guarantee there would be any ready truffles as the Lagotto’s had been over it the day before.
I was asked what dog did I wish to start with and said Luca. Coffee still in hand and Luca’s leash in the other off we go. (Silhouette Kyra is also on the scent however, not to the level of Luca).
There are a variety of trees 25+ in long rows (I think) and I don’t know how many rows all up. The first row Luca picks up a scent and heads to the tree. I am told ‘yep we pulled one out of their yesterday’. He does this another 3 times (by this time truffier Barbara can see he has sound ability) 4-5 rows in he is on scent again. This time Barb didn’t say ‘oh we pulled one out of there yesterday’, Barb coached me ‘let him smell, there is something there see him sniffing’ Luca looks at me (his signal to me he has found the scent) and I know he has something!
Barb said, ‘Ok time to dig, don’t move him away’ as Luca starts to lightly paw the ground. Both humans put human noses to ground to smell for the truffle and start to move the loose top covering of soil, Luca drops onto his belly and shoves his nose through 4 digging hands and Barb says ‘dig where his nose is’ and she lets me dig.
At the tip of Luca’s nose, I see what could be (remember I have only seen them cleaned up and ready to eat – not insitu) the very tip of a truffle, he had shown us exactly where the truffle was growing.
Barb produces her speciality ‘digging up truffle tool’ and hands it to me saying this may be easier than your fingers, I take the dessert spoon (yep a dessert spoon) from her and scratch ever so gently around the edge, scared as hell I may damage the truffle. I lay it down and resume using my fingers until a huge truffle is exposed and soon in my hands,
free from the ground.
It’s at this point I forget everything in the exhilaration of what has happened! Thankfully Barb brings me out of this and says ‘let him smell it and treat him’! This reward went on for some time and then Luca started licking my face in favour of chicken treats, Barb said ‘let him, he did this for you, you are his reward, he did this for you let him lick you all he likes’
Luca found an 85gm (uncleaned weight) truffle and as far as I know made history as the first Australian Koolie in the world to do such.
Luca and I hope you enjoyed our adventures, and it also reinforces and proves the diversity of the Australian Koolie breed. Anything is possible! Dream BIG
Karyn is an Associate Member of the ATGA (it costs just $200 a year to join) and she has said that she’s happy to help new growers who are just testing their maturing truffle paddocks to give her dogs more practice. Members will see from her story that there a lots of things that the ATGA do, which could have helped her learning process and taken away some of those ‘secrecy’ concerns.
The long title of the lecture that this video records is ‘New findings on the life cycle of black truffle and their relevance in the management of plantations’. And if you felt you were missing the research behind the earlier videos on the site, if you listen carefully to Dr. Xavier Parladé from the IRTA you’ll get the overview of the current science that Micofora’s Marcos Morcillo calls ‘disruptive’. It covers DNA, mating types, mycelium testing as an indicator of truffle growth, what research is next, and a short summary of how to apply the current research in practice.
Dr. Parladé has shared this presentation with the Association members and the following is one of the slides from his summary. Of the management practices suggested to recover infertile patches in the truffière, only the first two are viable, although there have been some successful Italian experiments in creating trees with one mating type. Adding truffle back to the paddock comes with that proviso ‘Not low quality sporocarps*!’
Returning less than perfect truffle spores back to the soil will only perpetuate the problems of large, misshapen, low quality truffle.
*That’s the term for the fruiting body, the truffle.
- How hot?
- 2017 ATGA Members Pests and Diseases Roadshow
- June Newsletter online
- NSW ATGA Members Grading workshop
- Great Southern Truffles Services for 2017
- Plant Health Australia Photo Competition
- Shock for importer of Tuber magnatum into Western Australia.
- Conference highlights – a captain’s pick
- RIRDC Truffle Pest & Disease Newsletter #2
- Farm Biosecurity newsletter September 2016